Literacy in the 21st Century

What does it mean to be literate today?  Has either the concept of literacy or the skills needed to be literate changed as a result of technology?  How can we best prepare our students to be literate in our rapidly changing society?

If you'd like to learn more:

Online Resources:
The Handbook of Research in New Literacies | Coiro, Knobel, Lankshear, and Leu
Transliteracy | Thomas et. al, First Monday
Clive Thompson on the New Literacy | Clive Thompson in Fast Company
New Media Literacies | Jason Ohler
New Literacies Research Team | University of Connecticut
Project New Media Literacies | University of Southern California Annenburg School of Communication & Journalism

Print Resources:
Jenkins, Henry. Confronting the Challenges of Participatory Culture: Media Education for the 21st Century. Cambridge, MA: MIT, 2009. 

Lankshear, Colin, and Michele Knobel. Digital Literacies: Concepts, Policies and Practices. New York: Peter Lang, 2008. 

Leu, Donald.  Handbook of Research on New Literacies.  New York: Routledge, 2008.   (This is an amazing resource!  It's 1300 pages long, though, so not for casual reading.  A very condensed article by Leu which highlights some of the findings from his book can be found in the article Reading Online - New Literacies: Toward a Theory of New Literacies).